- Sodium fluoride exhibited toxic effect on isolated rat liver mitochondria.
- N-Acetylcysteine protected against the fluoride toxicity on mitochondria.
- Interfering of fluoride with the mitochondrial functionality can be the result of oxidative stress and subsequent collapse of mitochondrial membrane potential (??m).
Fluoride is abundant in the environment and exists mostly in combination with other elements as fluoride compounds. Several studies showed that exposing to irregular level of fluoride could impair the normal function of mitochondria that have major contribution for producing of reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, information about the exact mechanism behind the fluoride-induced mitochondrial damage has not been fully understood. In the present study, isolated rat liver mitochondria were exposed to different concentrations of sodium fluoride (NaF) for 30?minutes and their functionality was assessed at the presence of different concentrations of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) and IC50 concentration of NaF. Mitochondrial dehydrogenase activity, glutathione (GSH) content, lipid peroxidation, ROS production and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) assay in the presence of these two substances were evaluated. Our findings demonstrated that, NaF reduced the GSH content of mitochondria, increased ROS and lipid peroxidation which led to a decrease in the dehydrogenase activity (complex II) of mitochondria. NAC considerably inhibited those noxious effects of NaF on mitochondria and prevented NaF toxicity on mitochondria isolated from rat liver.
*Original abstract online at https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0022113920303341
Proteomic analysis of liver in rats chronically exposed to fluoride.
Fluoride (F) is a potent anti-cariogenic element, but when ingestion is excessive, systemic toxicity may be observed. This can occur as acute or chronic responses, depending on both the amount of F and the time of exposure. The present study identified the profile of protein expression possibly associated with F-induced
Influence of extended exposure to sodium fluoride and caffeine on the activity of carbohydrate metabolism enzymes in rat blood serum and liver.
A 50-day study of the influence of fluoride (F) and caffeine on carbohydrate metabolism enzymes was conducted on 18 male Sprague-Dawley rats, 4.5 months old, housed in separate cages at 22–25°C on a 12-hr light/dark cycle. The rats were divided into three groups with six rats in each group: control,
Effects of fluoride on the histology, lipid metabolism, and bile acid secretion in liver of Bufo gargarizans larvae.
Highlights Fluoride triggered histopathological alterations in the liver. Fluoride induced the disruption of lipid metabolism. Fluoride resulted in impairing of antioxidant capacity. Fluoride disturbed the synthesis and secretion of bile acid. Abstract In our study, Bufo gargarizans (B. gargarizans) larvae were exposed to control, 0.5, 5, 10 and 50?mg/L of NaF from
Evaluation of caspase-dependent apoptosis during fluoride-induced liver lesion in pigs
Sixteen barrows (Duroc x Landrace x Yorkshire) were randomly divided into two groups, each consisting eight pigs. The groups received the same basal diet supplemented with 0 and 400 mg/kg fluoride, respectively. Histological examinations, including in situ terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL), Haematoxylin and Eosin staining (HE)
Ameliorative effect of tamarind leaf on fluoride-induced metabolic alterations
OBJECTIVES: Fluoride is a serious health hazard across several nations, and chronic intake of fluoride deranges the carbohydrate, lipid and antioxidant metabolism in general. As there are limited remedial measures to prevent fluorosis, we investigated the role of tamarind leaf as a food supplement in restoration of carbohydrate, lipid and
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