- Immediate decontamination proved to be crucial to limit fluoride absorption.
- All decontamination strategies and water alone reduced dermal fluoride absorption.
- Buffer capacity may account for efficiency differences between decontaminants.
The fluoride ions of the industrially largely irreplaceable, locally corrosive hydrofluoric acid (HF) can scavenge cations in biological tissues, which explains their high toxic potential, and also leads to local acidification through proton release. The influence of three complexing agents, calcium (Ca2+) gluconate (as 2.5% Ca2+gel and individually (2.84%) or commercially (10%) formulated Ca2+solution), magnesium (Mg2+) gluconate (2.84%) solution and aluminium (Al3+) solution (Hexafluorine®, pure and diluted) on the absorption of fluoride following HF exposure (1–3 min, 100 ul, 30%/0.64 cm2) through human skin was investigated in an ex-vivo diffusion cell model. Fluoride absorption was assessed over 6–24 h and analysed with a fluoride electrode. Decreasing the contamination time reduced the fluoride absorption distinctly which was further reduced by the application of fluoride-binding decontamination agents (Ca2+, Mg2+, Al3+) or water alone without being significantly different. Ca2+ appeared slightly more effective than Mg2+ in reducing fluoride absorption. Moreover, the addition of pH adjusting buffer promoted the decontamination efficacy. Fluoride-binding agents can facilitate the decontamination of dermal HF exposure. However, prompt decontamination appeared to be the key to successful limitation of fluoride absorption and pushes the choice of decontamination agent almost into the background.
*Original abstract online at https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S088723332030607X
Collagen metabolism in rats exposed to hydrogen fluoride.
HF exposure might produce adverse effects in industrial workers. A 3 mo. exposure of rats to HF at 10 mg/m3 8 h/day 5 days/wk resulted in increased blood serum concentrations of hydroxyproline and hydroxylysine and in enhanced urinary excretion of these amino acids and in changes of collagen fractions in
Fluoride intoxication from drinking water (a report of 52 cases)
In previous publications, cases of incipient fluorine 1) poisoning from drinking artificially fluoridated water at the 1 ppm concentration were reported. A specific disease pattern could be discerned closely tallying with what has b??n observed in industrial poisoning from fluorine intake at higher levels. There are three groups of symptoms: 1. Those
Symptoms experienced during periods of actual and supposed water fluoridation
Fluoridation of water is a controversial measure because of the suspicion that it has harmful effects on health. Opinions differ as to the reality of these fears. In Kuopio, after distressing disputes over the fluoridation issue, the City Council decided to stop fluoridation at the end of 1992. In fact,
Influence of fluoride compounds upon connective tissue metabolism in growing rats: 1. Effect of hydrofluoride on collagen metabolism.
Female rats were exposed to hydroxyfluoride (2.7 mg/m3 or 5.0 mg/m3) seven weeks before pregnancy during pregnancy and lactation as well as subsequently with the offsprings up to 1, 2, 4 and 6 months after birth. The offspring was taken for investigations. It was found that serum hydroxyproline and hydroxylysine
Papulonodular eruptions from certain bromide and iodide preparations are widely recognized entities, but skin lesions following fluoride ingestion are rare. Modern prophylaxis for postirradiation dental caries includes the use of fluoride gel preparations applied to the teeth. In two patients receiving such therapy a papulonodular eruption developed, similar to the
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