Fluoride Action Network


Sodium fluoride (NaF), in addition to preventing dental decay may negatively affect the body. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a 6 h in vitro treatment of gonads isolated from 14-day-old chicken embryos with NaF at doses of 1.7 (D1), 3.5 (D2), 7.1 (D3), and 14.2 mM (D4). The mRNA expression of luteinizing hormone receptor (LHR), follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR), estrogen receptors (ESR1 and ESR2), progesterone receptor (PGR), and the immunolocalization of progesterone receptors were examined in the tissue. In the ovary, the expression of FSHR and LHR increased following the NaF treatment. In the case of FSHR the highest stimulatory effect was noticed in the D2 group, while the expression of LHR increased in a dose-dependent manner. A gradual increase in ESR1 and PGR mRNA levels was also observed in the ovary following the NaF treatment, but only up to the D3 dose of NaF. The highest ESR2 level was also found in the D3 group. In the testes, the lowest dose of NaF significantly decreased the expression of FSHR, ESR1, ESR2, and PGR. On the other hand, an increase in PGR expression was observed in the D3 group. The expression of LHR in the testes was not affected by the NaF treatment.

Immunohistochemical analysis showed that NaF exposure increased progesterone receptor expression in the ovarian cortex, while it decreased its expression in the testes.

These results reveal that NaF may disturb the chicken embryonic development and different mechanisms of this toxicant action exist within the females and males.

Supplementary information: http://fluoridealert.org/wp-content/uploads/grzegorzew-2021.supplmentary.pdf

Keywords: NaF; chicken embryo; gonads; hormone receptors.

*Original abstract online at https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33810503/