Fluoride Action Network



  • The multi-omics analysis explore the molecular mechanism of fluoride exposure on myocardial injury in rats.
  • The joint analysis emphasize the impact of fluoride exposure on the oxidative phosphorylation pathway.
  • Excessive fluoride exposure alters the expression of genes related to oxidative phosphorylation.
  • Interactive network highlights the changes in the respiratory chain complex 1 subunit including Ndufa10.

The regulation of mitochondrial function, which is dominated by oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOs), is important in fluoride induced cardiovascular disease. Based on the previous study of fluoride-induced mitochondrial structure and membrane potential abnormalities, this study integrated ITRAQ protein quantification and RNA-Seq methods to analyze the sequencing data of rat myocardial tissue under fluoride exposure (0, 30, 60 and 90 mg/L). A total of 22 differentially expressed genes associated with the OXPHOs pathway were screened by Gene Ontology (GO) and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) co-enrichment analysis, and were localizated by Interaction Network and calculated inter-genes and inter-omics correlations by Pearson correlation. In general, fluoride exposure can down-regulate genes related OXPHOs, particularly affecting the assembly of the complex I including Ndufa10, resulting in abnormal mitochondrial ATP synthesis and reduced myocardial energy supply. Most importantly, this study shows that the enriched information from the proteomics can explain the change process of energy production, but the specific molecules involved in energy supply cannot be obtained via transcriptomics information alone. Based on the results of transcriptional and protein analysis, our findings contribute to an innovative understanding of the pathways and molecular changes of myocardial injury induced by fluorosis.