A study on the content of free fluoride in 39 milk formulae available in Spain. The selective ion electrode method has been selected. All formulae but one supply F amounts inadequate for cavities prophylaxis. Additional F should before be routinely administered per os in the form of sodium fluoride.
*Abstract online at https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/3232879/
Fluoride levels in UK infant milks.
AIM: To provide a comprehensive report of fluoride concentration in UK infant milks and estimate their contribution to daily fluoride intake. METHODS: A total of 60 formula milk products available commercially or within a hospital environment were analysed, along with eight pasteurised cow's milk samples. Formula milk products requiring preparation were reconstituted with
Changing risk factors for fluorosis among South Australian children.
BACKGROUND: Research in the last decade has shown changing exposure patterns to discretionary fluorides and declining prevalence of fluorosis among South Australian children, raising the question of how risk factors for fluorosis have changed. OBJECTIVE: To examine and compare risk factors for fluorosis among representative samples of South Australian children in
Estimation of daily fluoride intake of infants using the microdiffusion method.
Background/Purpose: The standard of daily fluoride intake (DFI) has been discussed mainly for adults since 1950s in Japan. Although dietary habits have changed significantly in recent years, there have been no further studies on DFI in the past 10 years, and the need for further review has been discussed. Additionally,
[Level of exposure to fluorides by the consumption of different types of milk in residents from an area of Mexico with endemic hydrofluorosis].
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have shown the presence of fluorosis (DF) in primary dentition, suggesting an exposure to fluorides (F-) in early childhood. Breast milk is recommended as an exclusive food until 6 months of age. Although it is mentioned that only a small amount of F- can be eliminated by
Fluoride content and intake by infants and toddlers from commercial infant formulae and cereals in Kenya.
A total of six infant formulae and eight cereals were analysed for fluoride using a fluoride ion electrode. The infant formulae had a fluoride content which varied form 4.4 to 5.5 ppm. The fluoride in the cereals varied from 4.5 to 5 ppm. The total fluoride intake was calculated using
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