- Impact of F, Cd & Pb on human health is related to the various routes of exposure.
- Cd, Pb & F levels in human blood was higher around the phosphate plant in Togo.
- Cd, Pb &F content in human blood declined while moving away from phosphate plant.
- Biochemical parameters revealed renal & liver disease risk to people near factory.
- High F along with biochemical parameters signals risk of renal & hepatic diseases.
Togo’s phosphate processing plant at Kpeme discharges waste, containing Cd, Pb, and fluoride, into the sea and on the soil. Heavy metals toxicity on kidneys and the liver has been studied. However, fluoride toxicity on these organs remains to be investigated. The present study deals with the variation in renal and hepatic functioning parameters due to fluoride, Cd and Pb. Totally, 350 volunteers were recruited from five different localities around this phosphate processing plant for sample collection. Cd and Pb contents in blood samples were determined by spectrophotometry and fluoride by the titanium chloride method. Biochemical parameters were measured using Biolab kits. The pollutant contents were elevated in polluted areas where ASAT, ALAT, creatinine, and urea increased, and total protein decreased. Correlation and multivariate tests showed that fluoride is related to the various pathologies mentioned. PCA revealed that phosphate processing in Togo is a source of renal and hepatic toxicity.
Fatal cases of acute suicidal sodium and accidental zinc fluorosilicate poisoning. Review of acute intoxications due to fluoride compounds.
Fluoride, of all inorganic substances, is among the least likely to be identified by a routine toxicological analysis. Acute poisonings with salts of hydrofluoric or fluorosilicic acid, however, although relatively uncommon, may occur. Some fluorosilicates, salts of fluorosilicic acid (e.g. Al, Zn, Pb, Mg) are used as stone consolidants, others
Fluoride effects on glutathione peroxidase and lipid peroxidation in rats.
SUMMARY: Eight-week old male Wistar rats weighing 180 g were given sodium fluoride in drinking water at a concentration of 5 and 25 mg F–/L for 12 weeks. Control animals received tap water containing 0.3 mg F–/L. The activity of glutathione peroxidase and the concentration of malondialdehye (MDA) were determined
Assessment of renal and hepatic dysfunction by co-exposure to toxic metals (Cd, Pb) and fluoride in people living nearby an industrial zone.
Highlights Impact of F, Cd & Pb on human health is related to the various routes of exposure. Cd, Pb & F levels in human blood was higher around the phosphate plant in Togo. Cd, Pb &F content in human blood declined while moving away from phosphate plant. Biochemical
Ionic plasma fluoride concentrations related to some diseases in patients from a fluoridated community
Little data is available concerning the relationship between variations in ionic plasma fluoride (IPF) concentrations and some diseases, and that which exists is inconclusive. The effect of renal insufficiency is known best, but the relationship between IPF levels and some oedematous diseases and diabetes has hardly been studied at all
Systematic impacts of fluoride exposure on the metabolomics of rats.
Highlights The risk of chronic endemic fluorosis exists in many countries and regions. Comprehensive metabolomic analysis was used to study the effects of fluoride. Multivariate statistics were used to detect metabolite profile changes. Fluoride exposure caused amino acid, fatty acid, and energy metabolism disorders. Fluoride exposure caused oxidative stress,
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