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Water fluoridation in Canada: past and present.
Drinking water fluoridation and oral health inequities in Canadian children.
Footnotes Acknowledgements: L. McLaren is supported by a Population Health Investigator Award from Alberta Innovates–Health Solutions. J.C.H. Emery is the Svare Professor in Health Economics at the University of Calgary. Conflict of Interest: None to declare. References 1. Rose G. The Strategy of Preventive Medicine. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press; 1992. [Google Scholar] 2. Hawe […]
Equity in children’s dental caries before and after cessation of community water fluoridation: differential impact by dental insurance status and geographic material deprivation.
Abstract Background One of the main arguments made in favor of community water fluoridation is that it is equitable in its impact on dental caries (i.e., helps to offset inequities in dental caries). Although an equitable effect of fluoridation has been demonstrated in cross-sectional studies, it has not been studied in the context of cessation […]
The Brantford-Sarnia-Stratford Fluoridation Caries Study 1955 Report.
Page 1 On June 20th, 1955, Brantford completed ten years of experience with mechanically fluoridated water. Earlier reports (1) have shown that the full decay-preventing effect of the fluoridated water on the permanent dentition of the Brantford children began to show itself in 1951, when the first permanent molars appeared in the mouths of the […]
Fluoridation cessation and children’s dental caries: A 7-year follow-up evaluation of Grade 2 schoolchildren in Calgary and Edmonton, Canada.
Environmental Fluoride 1977 by Rose & Marier
The Associate Committee on Scientific Criteria for Environmental Quality was established by the National Research Council of Canada in response to a mandate provided by the Federal Government to develop scientific guidelines for defining the quality of the environment. The concern of the NRC Associate Committee is strictly with scientific criteria. Pollution standards and objectives […]
Urinary Fluoride Levels among Canadians with and without Community Water Fluoridation.
3. Results 3.1. Population Characteristics The study sample had an approximately equal proportion of males (49%) and females (51%). The mean age was 32 years old, 73% were white, and 50% of the sample reported a high school, trade school, or college degree, while the other 50% reported a university degree or higher. The mean […]
A Benchmark Dose Analysis for Maternal Pregnancy Urine-Fluoride and IQ in Children.
Discussion … The increased precision using the average maternal U-F concentration as an indicator of prenatal fluoride exposure results in stronger statistical evidence of fluoride-associated deficits, compared with using cross-sectional or retrospective studies. Still, the amount of fluoride that reaches the brain during early brain development is unknown, and even the maternal U-F concentration measurements […]
Critical Windows of Fluoride Neurotoxicity in Canadian Children.
Discussion We used data from a prospective pregnancy and birth cohort to compare the associations between fluoride exposures during different developmental windows and preschool aged children’s intellectual abilities. The GEE method advances our understanding of early-life fluoride neurotoxicity by formally comparing strength of associations across windows of exposure. The strongest association between fluoride and child […]
Ingestion of infant formula constituted from fluoridated water associated with IQ deficit.
Commentary on study Till C, Green R, Flora D, Hornung R, Martinez-Mier EA, Blazer M, et al. Fluoride exposure from infant formula and child IQ in a Canadian birth cohort. Environ Int 2020;134:105315. Question Among otherwise normal preschool children, what is the association between fluoridated water used to constitute formula as infants/toddlers and IQ? Design […]