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Monitoring and prediction of high fluoride concentrations in groundwater in Pakistan.
3.3. Health risk map A health risk map was made using the optimal cut-off value of 0.47 (Fig. 5). It identifies numerous densely populated regions where people rely on groundwater associated with high fluoride. In total, over 13 million people are estimated to be potentially affected by fluoride contamination in groundwater, which is 6.0% of […]
Global analysis and prediction of fluoride in groundwater.
Table 1. Top 20 countries in population potentially affected by fluoride concentrations in groundwater greater than 1.5mg/L. Open in a separate window Rank Country Population at risk (range) Rank Country Population at risk (range) (million) (million) 1 India 49 (26–89) 11 Malawi 4.0 (3.5–4.8) 2 China 22 (1–50) 12 Zambia 3.4 (1.4–3.6) 3 Dem. Rep. […]
Pasture soils contaminated with fertilizer-derived cadmium and fluorine: livestock effects.