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Fluoride Metabolism in Pregnant Women: A Narrative Review of the Literature.
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fluoride Metabolism and the Effects of Fluoride on Metabolic Pathways and Diseases) Abstract Epidemiological studies use biomarkers of fluoride exposure in pregnant women as surrogate measures of fetal fluoride exposure; however, there is little understanding of how pregnancy affects fluoride metabolism and its biomarkers. This narrative review summarizes […]
Fluoride tablet supplementation during pregnancy for caries immunity: a study of the offspring produced.
*Aided by a grant from the Children’s Dental Research Sociey, Inc. References 1. Shen Y.W., Tawes D.R.Fluoride concentrations in the human placenta and maternal and cord blood. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 1974; 119: 205 Scopus (56) – PubMed – Abstract – Full Text PDF – Google Scholar 2. Boller R.J. Fetal morphogenesis of the human dentition. J. Dent. Child. […]
Maternal fluoride exposure, fertility and birth outcomes: The MIREC cohort.
Abstract Objective : Fluoride exposure >1.5 mg/L from water has been associated with adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes. Little is known, however, about the effect of fluoride at levels consistent with water fluoridation (i.e., 0.7 mg/L) on pregnancy and birth outcomes. We examined the relationship between maternal fluoride exposure, fertility, and birth outcomes in a […]
Assessment of fluoride levels during pregnancy and its association with early adverse pregnancy outcomes.
Background and Aim: There is sparse data available on human subjects regarding the affect of excessive fluoride exposures on pregnancy. The aim of this study was to examine the association between elevated urinary fluoride levels during early pregnancy and maternal anemia and adverse fetal outcome. Patients and Methods: We enrolled 600 pregnant patients with gestational […]
Therapeutics and Pharmacy. CALCIUM FLUORIDE The therapeutic uses of the fluorides have received comparatively little attention, notwithstanding the fact that it is now generally recognised that a certain amount of fluorine in the form of calcium fluoride is a necessity for the proper strengthening and consistence of the bones and for the normal hardness and […]