Tag: Prenatal exposure
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The safe exposure level to fluoride in pregnancy.
Fluoride (F) is not an essential trace element in humans or necessary for the development of healthy teeth and bones.9,10 It is likely that there is no threshold for fluoride-induced developmental neurotoxicity in drinking water, and the only assuredly safe level of fluoride in drinking water is zero.10,11,12 The currently recommended level of 0.7 mg […]
Fluoride exposure and intelligence in school-age children: evidence from different windows of exposure susceptibility.
BACKGROUND The intellectual loss induced by fluoride exposure has been extensively studied, but the association between fluoride exposure in different susceptibility windows and children’s intelligence is rarely reported. Hence, we conducted a cross-sectional study to explore the association between fluoride exposure in prenatal and childhood periods and intelligence quotient (IQ). Methods We recruited 633 local […]
Sex-Specific Neurotoxic Effects of Early-Life Exposure to Fluoride: a Review of the Epidemiologic and Animal Literature.
References Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Federal Panel on Community Water Fluoridation. U.S. public health service recommendation for fluoride concentration in drinking water for the prevention of dental caries. Public Health Rep. 2015;130(1):1–14 Available from: http://www.publichealthreports.org/fluorideguidelines.cfm. […]
Indoor air quality and health: Empirical evidence from fluoride pollution in China.
Clinical trial of the effect of prenatal fluoride supplements in preventing dental caries.
The impact of prenatal fluoride exposure on pubertal onset of children in Mexico City