Tag: Sex-related difference
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Prevalence of dental fluorosis and treatment needs among 11-14 years old school children in endemic fluoride areas of Haryana, India.
Introduction Dental fluorosis is a major endemic oral disease characterized by hypomineralization of enamel caused due to consumption of water containing high concentration of fluoride during developmental stages of teeth. Fluoride is considered an essential element required for prevention of dental caries. World Health Organization (WHO) has set the upper limit of fluoride concentration in […]
Urinary Fluoride Levels among Canadians with and without Community Water Fluoridation.
3. Results 3.1. Population Characteristics The study sample had an approximately equal proportion of males (49%) and females (51%). The mean age was 32 years old, 73% were white, and 50% of the sample reported a high school, trade school, or college degree, while the other 50% reported a university degree or higher. The mean […]
A Benchmark Dose Analysis for Maternal Pregnancy Urine-Fluoride and IQ in Children.
Discussion … The increased precision using the average maternal U-F concentration as an indicator of prenatal fluoride exposure results in stronger statistical evidence of fluoride-associated deficits, compared with using cross-sectional or retrospective studies. Still, the amount of fluoride that reaches the brain during early brain development is unknown, and even the maternal U-F concentration measurements […]
Fluoride exposure and children’s intelligence: Gene-environment interaction based on SNP-set, gene and pathway analysis, using a case-control design based on a cross-sectional study.
Acknowledgment We sincerely thank all the participants in this study and the Tianjin Center for Disease Control and Prevention for its assistance for epidemiological investigation and sample collection.This work was supported by the State Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 81430076) for Aiguo Wang, and the National Program for Support […]
Critical Windows of Fluoride Neurotoxicity in Canadian Children.
Discussion We used data from a prospective pregnancy and birth cohort to compare the associations between fluoride exposures during different developmental windows and preschool aged children’s intellectual abilities. The GEE method advances our understanding of early-life fluoride neurotoxicity by formally comparing strength of associations across windows of exposure. The strongest association between fluoride and child […]
Low-moderate fluoride exposure and intelligence among Chinese school-aged children: Role of circulating mtDNA content.
The Effects of Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Fluoride, and Lead on Bone Tissue.
5. Fluorine (F) According to some researchers, fluorine is a microelement needed for proper development. However, in the case of this element, it is important to determine its concentration in the human body, because the difference between the tolerated dose and the toxic dose is very small . Fluorides (F-), the ionic form of fluorine, […]
Associations between Urinary, Dietary, and Water Fluoride Concentrations among Children in Mexico and Canada.
References Marinho, V.C.C. Cochrane reviews of randomized trials of fluoride therapies for preventing dental caries. Eur. Arch. Paediatr. Dent. 2009, 10, 183–191. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed] Public Health Capacity and Knowledge Management Unit, Quebec Region for the Office of the Chief Dental Officer of Canada, Public Health Agency of Canada. The State of Community Water […]
Sex-Specific Neurotoxic Effects of Early-Life Exposure to Fluoride: a Review of the Epidemiologic and Animal Literature.
References Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Federal Panel on Community Water Fluoridation. U.S. public health service recommendation for fluoride concentration in drinking water for the prevention of dental caries. Public Health Rep. 2015;130(1):1–14 Available from: http://www.publichealthreports.org/fluorideguidelines.cfm. […]
Comparison of oral health indicators between two places of endemic dental fluorosis in Jordan.
Introduction Excessive fluoride intake during tooth development causes dental fluorosis. Aim This study aimed to (1) determine the prevalence of dental fluorosis in association with fluoride concentrations in drinking water, (2) explore the effects of altitude on the severity of fluorosis in two towns with high fluoride levels in the drinking water, and (3) assess […]