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Relevance to Fluoride Pesticides
The NRC report is not only relevant to current drinking water standards for fluoride, it is also highly relevant to EPA’s regulation of fluoride-based pesticides. Prior to the release of the NRC report, the EPA granted a request from Dow AgroSciences to use sulfuryl fluoride as a fumigant on food and food-processing facilities. The EPA based […]
Surgeon General’s Panel
In determining what the maximum contaminant level (MCL) of fluoride in water should be, the EPA sought the recommendations of the Surgeon General. In 1983, the Surgeon General assembled a medical committee to advise the EPA on the “non-dental health effects of fluoride.” On April 18 and 19, 1983, the Surgeon General’s panel convened in Bethesda, […]
The Fluorosis Timeline
1974: The Safe Drinking Water Act is passed requiring EPA to set federally enforceable standards that protect against all “known or anticipated adverse effects.” 1975: EPA sets a federally-enforceable Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) of fluoride to protect against moderate/severe dental fluorosis. The MCL is set at 1.4 – 2.4 ppm fluoride – the same standard issued as […]
conclusions of the medical/scientific committees: April 18-19, 1983 – Surgeon General’s Panel on Non-Dental Health Effects of Fluoride Nov 17, 1984 – National Institute of Mental Health Dec 7, 1984 – National Drinking Water Advisory Council Letters from EPA Officials (1979-1985): Apr 17, 1979 – Letter to Sen. Strom Thurmond from Regional Administrator, John White […]
EPA’s Alteration of the MCL: EPA Recommends Raising Fluoride Limits – New York Times, November 1, 1985 How much fluoride is too much? – Boston Globe, November 25, 1985 The Science and Politics of Fluoride – AGD Impact, February 1987 EPA Union’s Attempt to Join Lawsuit Opposing Fluoride Standard was Rebuffed – Chemical & Engineering News, August 1, 1988 […]
In 1985, the EPA increased the maximum level of fluoride allowed in drinking water to roughly twice the level previously deemed safe. Following EPA’s alteration to the standard, the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) filed suit against the Agency. The NRDC argued that the new, weakened standard was unsafe and a violation of the Safe […]
Mullenix responds to EPA’s criticism
Mullenix’s response provides an excellent history of the research which led up to her study, and it takes particular exception to EPA’s critique of the computer pattern recognition system which she and her colleagues used to measure the rats’ behavior.
Latest Submission to NRC Panel on Fluoride/Bone
Based on the following data, it is clear that the current MCL can not be relied on to protect against fluoride-induced bone damage, including: reduced bone strength, reduced bone density, increased mineralization defects, exacerbation of bone disease in people with kidney disease, and skeletal fluorosis of varying severity.
Scientist Who Spoke Out on Fluoride Ordered Reinstated to Job
A two-year battle against the federal government ended in victory for a scientist fired from the Environmental Protection Agency after raising health concerns about fluoride. Labor Secretary Robert B. Reich ordered that William L. Marcus be returned to his $ 87,000-a-year job at EPA and be paid back wages, legal costs and a $ 50,000 penalty.
Reich Orders EPA to Reinstate Scientist
In a precedent-setting ruling, U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) Secretary Robert B. Reich has ordered the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to reinstate toxicologist Dr. William L. Marcus.