In recent years, bismuth has gained attention of many researchers because of its sorptive properties. Sorptive properties of bismuth compounds are used for removal of ionic contaminants from aqueous solution. In this paper, an attempt is made to review the recent developments in the area of contaminant removal from aqueous solutions using bismuth-based media. List of various bismuth-based adsorbents are collected from published literature and their adsorption capacities are also compared. The methods of characterization of some of the synthesized bismuth-based materials have also been discussed. Hydrous bismuth oxides (HBOs) have sorptive potential for nitrate and fluoride removal from aqueous solution with maximum capacity of 0.508-0.512 mg/g and 0.60-1.93 mg/g respectively. Thus, it can be beneficially used for treatment of drinking water treatment, particularly in small scale household applications.
*Original abstract online at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31172431