BACKGROUND: In view of the conflicting reports of the extent and severity of dental caries in alcohol misusing subjects, a systematic survey of the fluoride content of alcoholic beverages was undertaken.
RESULTS: The fluoride content of beverages varied widely particularly if non-UK European products were considered.
CONCLUSIONS: Beers brewed in locations with high fluoride water levels may contribute significantly to the daily fluoride intake, particularly in alcohol misusing subjects and this may contribute to alcohol-associated bone disease
A quantitative look at fluorosis, fluoride exposure, and intake in children using a health risk assessment approach
The prevalence of dental fluorosis in the United States has increased during the last 30 years. In this study, we used a mathematical model commonly employed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to estimate average daily intake offluoride via all applicable exposure pathways contributing to fluorosis risk for infants and children
Fluoride content in alcoholic drinks
The aim of the study was to determine the role of alcoholic drinks as a potential source of dietary fluoride by means of measuring fluoride levels in selected alcoholic drinks available on the Polish market that are also diverse in terms of the percentage content of ethanol. The study was conducted on 48 types
Dental fluorosis: concentration of fluoride in drinking water and consumption of bottled beverages in school children
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to identify dental fluorosis prevalence and to analyze its association with tap water fluoride concentration and beverage consumption in school children from the city of Oaxaca, who were receiving fluoridated salt. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was performed on elementary public school children. Dean's
Fluoride levels and fluoride contamination of fruit juices
Increasing consumption of beverages as a replacement for water have made fluoride content in beverages an important issue. In this study, forty-three ready-to-drink fruit juices were examined for fluoride ion concentration. It was found that 42% of the samples had more than 1 ppm of fluoride. It was also determined that "pure" fruit juices, often
Assessing fluoride levels of carbonated soft drinks
BACKGROUND: Dental fluorosis occurs as a result of excessive total fluoride intake during tooth development. Some children may receive substantial intake from soft drinks, but few studies have reported fluoride levels in soft drinks. The authors examined the fluoride concentrations of 332 soft drinks. METHODS: Soft drinks were purchased from Iowa
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