Inorganic fluoride in whole blood, serum, or plasma has been determined with a fluoride ion-selective electrode by adding the 0.5- to 2.0-mL sample to 20 mL of water containing a buffer and fluoride, 25 micrograms/L. The fluoride concentration in the sample is calculated from the resulting cell potential difference recorded after equilibrating for 10 min. This novel method has the advantages of simplicity, accuracy, and high precision, standard deviations for 5 to 7 replicate determinations of fluoride ranging from +/- 1.7 to +/- 2.4 micrograms/L. For whole blood from donors living in an area with fluorinated drinking water, the F- concentration was 20 to 60 micrograms/L.
Distribution of Fluoride in Plasma, Brain, and Bones and Associated Oxidative Damage After Induced Chronic Fluorosis in Wistar Rats.
The study was aimed to determine fluoride levels in plasma, brain, and bones of Wistar rats following chronic administration of fluoride at different dose levels and the consequent oxidative damage inflicted in these tissues. Brain histomorphology and bone radiographs were also evaluated to assess the extent of damage in these
Fluoride ingestion and thyroid function in children resident of naturally fluoridated areas - An observational study.
Background: Literature shows association between systemic fluorides with water fluoride level above 3ppm and endocrine disorders especially related to thyroid. Aim & Objectives: To estimate serum T3, T4, TSH, Fluoride levels among children with normal nutritional status and optimal iodine intake, residing in three different ranges of drinking water fluoride levels
The future is now—it’s time to rethink the application of the Global Warming Potential to anesthesia
All volatile anesthetic agents are fluorocarbons and variably potent greenhouse gases (GHG).1 As a chlorofluorocarbon (CFC), isoflurane also has ozone depleting potential (as does nitrous oxide [N2O]), while sevoflurane and desflurane, being hydrofluorocarbons (HFC), do not.1 The global emission of HFCs increased 128% from 1990 to 2005 and is projected
Fluoride exposure and sleep patterns among older adolescents in the United States: a cross-sectional study of NHANES 2015–2016.
Abstract Background Fluoride from environmental sources accumulates preferentially in the pineal gland which produces melatonin, the hormone that regulates the sleep-wake cycle. However, the effects of fluoride on sleep regulation remain unknown. This population-based study examined whether chronic low-level fluoride exposure is associated with sleep patterns and daytime sleepiness among older adolescents
Elevated serum fluoride concentrations in women are not related to fractures and bone mineral density.
Epidemiologic studies of the relations between drinking-water fluoride levels and bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture are characterized by disparate conclusions and an absence of information about individual circulating fluoride levels. This study relates serum fluoride concentrations, which reflect individual fluoride exposures, to BMD and bone fractures. Data are from
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