To elucidate the etiology of postoperative spinal cord injury (PSCI) for patients undergoing laminectomy for fluorosis thoracic canal stenosis (FTCS) and summarize the methods of diagnosis and treatment.
From 2006 to 2009, a total of 192 FTCS cases underwent laminectomy. Among them, 16 cases with gradual postoperative neural deterioration were finally diagnosed as PSCI on MRI.One case of intraoperative spinal cord injury was excluded so that only 15 cases were included.
All cases were treated immediately with incision cite puncture and dehydration.Neural function recovered after secondary operation as JOA score improved from 3.00 ± 1.14 to 7.72 ± 1.41 at 12 months follow-up.Statistical analysis demonstrated a linear correlation between the diagnosis time and the improvement of JOA score.
Hematoma and fluid leakage are the common reasons of PSCI for FTCS patients. Meticulous hemostasis, usage of artificial dura matter and partial negative pressure drainage are valuable preventive measures.
An uncommon presentation of fluorosis
A 70 years old farmer from Yemen was referred as a case of osteoarthritis of both knees for preoperative rehabilitation procedures. Six years before he developed progressive skeletal stiffness. By 70 years he became dependent for ambulation and many other self-care activities. He showed quadriparesis resulting from compression of spinal cord
[Generalized osteopathy with pathological fractures in a patient with long-term exposure to fluorine-containing plastics].
In a 68-year-old man with a painful syndrome of the lower extremities which began at the age of 64 years, workup revealed a generalized osteopathy with sclerosis of the axial skeleton and osteopenia at the extremities associated with pathologic fractures. The occupational history showed exposure to several synthetics such as
Clinical and hygienic evaluation of the combined effect of vibration and fluoride in humans
By L. Ya. Tartatovskaya, G.N. Samokhvalova, A.G. Antropov Medical Science Centre of Prophylactics and Protection of the Health Workers in Industrial Enterprises, Ekaterinburg, Russia. The study of the combined action of vibration and intense noise, muscular loads and cooling has made it possible to assess the probability of the development of vibration
On the association of fluorosis with degenerative-dystrophic lesions of the skeleton in workers engaged in electrolytic departments of aluminum plants
Workers of electrolytic departments at the Novokuznetsk aluminum plant were found to suffer not only from fluorosis (28.2) per cent), but also from degenerative-dystrophic affection of the skeleton (87.7 per cent). The workers of a control group who were not exposed to a chronic action of fluorine compounds the degenerative-dystrophic
[Clinical and imaging study of fluoride-poisoning arthropathy].
Objective: To probe into the clinical and imaging manifestations and mechanisms of fluorosis-associated arthropathy. Methods: Analyses were conducted on the clinical manifestations, X-rays and magnetic resonance examinations in 18 cases with fluorosis-associated arthropathy. Results: Skeletal fluorosis of different severities was revealed in the 18 cases. Major clinical symptoms were as follows: pain
Related Studies :
Skeletal Fluorosis: The Misdiagnosis Problem
It is a virtual certainty that there are individuals in the general population unknowingly suffering from some form of skeletal fluorosis as a result of a doctor's failure to consider fluoride as a cause of their symptoms. Proof that this is the case can be found in the following case reports of skeletal fluorosis written by doctors in the U.S. and other western countries. As can be seen, a consistent feature of these reports is that fluorosis patients--even those with crippling skeletal fluorosis--are misdiagnosed for years by multiple teams of doctors who routinely fail to consider fluoride as a possible cause of their disease.
Fluoride & Spinal Stenosis
Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spaces in the spine that results in pressure being placed on the spinal cord and/or nerve roots. Although stenosis can develop without symptoms, it may produce numbness, tingling, pain and difficulty in walking, as well as a heavy/tired feeling in the legs. It is estimated that 250,000 to 500,000 Americans currently have symptoms of spinal stenosis. Skeletal fluorosis is one cause of stenosis.
Fluoride & Osteoarthritis
While the osteoarthritic effects that occurred from fluoride exposure were once considered to be limited to those with skeletal fluorosis, recent research shows that fluoride can cause osteoarthritis in the absence of traditionally defined fluorosis. Conventional methods used for detecting skeletal fluorosis, therefore, will fail to detect the full range of people suffering from fluoride-induced osteoarthritis.
As demonstrated by the studies below, skeletal fluorosis may produce adverse symptoms, including arthritic pains, clinical osteoarthritis, gastrointestinal disturbances, and bone fragility, before the classic bone change of fluorosis (i.e., osteosclerosis in the spine and pelvis) is detectable by x-ray. Relying on x-rays, therefore, to diagnosis skeletal fluorosis will invariably fail to protect those individuals who are suffering from the pre-skeletal phase of the disease. Moreover, some individuals with clinical skeletal fluorosis will not develop an increase in bone density, let alone osteosclerosis, of the spine. Thus, relying on unusual increases in spinal bone density will under-detect the rate of skeletal fluoride poisoning in a population.
Fluoride Reduces Bone Strength Prior to Onset of Skeletal Fluorosis
The majority of animal studies investigating fluoride's impact on bone strength have found that fluoride has either no effect, or a detrimental effect, on bone strength. Importantly, several of the animal studies that have found fluoride reductes bone strength have reported that this reduction in strength occurs before signs of skeletal fluorosis
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