Fluoride Action Network


Effects of sodium fluoride (NaF) (30 mg kg-1 body weight) and ascorbic acid ingestion along with sodium fluoride for 30 days each were studied to evaluate its possible role as an ameliorative agent on functions of reproductive organs and spermatozoa of the fluorotic guinea pig. The cauda epididymal spermatozoa were highly sensitive to the effects of sodium fluoride as their structural and metabolic alterations led to marked decreases in their motility, live:dead ratio and sperm mitochondrial activity index but increases in sperm abnormalities and alterations in sperm membrane phospholipids, particularly phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidyl serine. The activities of ATPase and succinate dehydrogenase as well as glutathione levels were decreased in testis by sodium fluoride treatment, revealing disturbances in its metabolism. However, testicular cholesterol was not affected. Ingestion of ascorbic acid led to the enhancement in the levels of these parameters almost to control levels. These results reveal the ameliorative role of ascorbic acid in mitigation of fluoride-induced toxicity on guinea pig sperm structure and metabolism.