Fluoride Action Network


Subchondral bone and calcified cartilage from a femoral head of a 74-year-old osteoporotic woman treated for 30 months with sodium fluoride were analyzed. The fluoride content of the calcified tissues was determined by a specific ion electrode, and the topographic distribution pattern of fluoride was determined with an electron microprobe. The fluoride content in calcified cartilage (0.39% of ash) was higher than in neighboring subchondral bone (0.28% of ash). Line scan and X-ray images indicated a high concentration of fluoride in the outer layer of calcified cartilage lining the uncalcified cartilage, as well as in the inner layer of the subcortical endosteal bone. This study shows that calcified cartilage is an important site of fluoride deposition, and suggests that the accumulation of fluoride is related to the calcification process.