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Accounting for water quality in monitoring access to safe drinking-water as part of the Millennium Development Goals: lessons from five countries.
Bain RES, Gundry SW, Wright JA, Yang H, Pedley S, Bartram JK. 2012. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 90(3): 228–235A Article in pdf Objective To determine how data on water source quality affect assessments of progress towards the 2015 Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target on access to safe drinking-water. Methods Data from five countries […]
Video and Powerpoint: The Scientific Evidence for Fluoride’s Developmental Neurotoxicity.
Update: Chris Neurath is the lead author of Fluoride Developmental Neurotoxicity: Dose-Response Analyses of Recent High Quality Studies, an e-poster in the 32nd Annual Conference of ISEE (International Society of Environmental Epidemiology), August 24-27, 2020. FAN’s Research Director, Chris Neurath, closely details the evidence that fluoride is a developmental neurotoxin. This information in this video […]
Fluoride IQ Studies: # of participants
The following are two Tables that contain the number of participants in the fluoride IQ studies. Table 1 contains the information from the 70 studies that found an association of fluoride exposure with the lowering of IQ. Participants included: 26,245 children and 245 adults. Table 2 contains the information from the 8 studies that found no […]
Fluoride’s Effect on the Newborn and Infant Brain
Mother-Offspring Studies of Newborns and Infants The studies below are both from China and both compare the infants of mothers living in high fluoride areas (fluorosis endemic areas) to mothers living outside of this category. They were published in 2004 and 2017. Both studies tested for variations of neurobehavioral development and both studies reported significantly […]
Introduction to the 69 IQ Studies
Overview As of June 2021, a total of 77 studies have investigated the relationship between fluoride and human intelligence, and over 60 studies have investigated the relationship between fluoride and learning/memory in animals. Of these investigations, 69 studies have found that elevated fluoride exposure is associated with reduced IQ in humans, while over 60 animal […]
Fluoride & IQ: The 8 “No Effect” Studies
While 70 studies have found an association between fluoride and IQ, the following eight studies did not find this association. The participants in these studies included: 4,047 children and 1,037 adults. Several points bear consideration about these studies: The study from New Zealand (Broadbent 2014) reports no association between fluoridation and IQ. As recognized by Dr. Philippe […]
NRC (2006): Fluoride’s Effect on Glucose Metabolism
This section on Diabetes includes: • Fluoride & Impaired Glucose Tolerance • Fluoride & Insulin • Fluoride Sensitivity Among Diabetics • Fluoridated Water Causes Severe Dental Fluorosis in Children with Diabetes Insipidus • NRC (2006): Fluoride’s Effect on Glucose Metabolism The following discussion is from pages 258-260 of the NRC’s report’s “Fluoride in Drinking Water: A […]
The Iowa Fluoride Study: Fluoride, Teeth, and Developing Bone
In the early 1990s, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) issued a large grant to University of Iowa researchers to investigate the relationship between total daily fluoride intake (from all sources) and several health outcomes of interest, namely: tooth decay, dental fluorosis, and bone health. Known as the “Iowa Fluoride Study,” the researchers monitored the fluoride […]
Populations Vulnerable to Fluoride Toxicity
One of the key problems with water fluoridation is that water is for everybody, but fluoride is not. Like virtually all other drugs, a given dose of fluoride can be safe for one person but harmful to another. Indeed, a vast body of fluoride research clearly demonstrates that certain subgroups in the population are particularly […]
Community Fluorosis Index (CFI)
The current Community Fluorosis Index for U.S. adolescents as a whole (from both fluoridated and non-fluoridated areas) is roughly 5 times higher than the CFI health authorities predicted for fluoridated areas when fluoridation first began. It is also higher than the CFI that the NIDR found in fluoridated areas back in the 1980s. It is readily apparent, therefore, that children are ingesting far more fluoride than was the case in the 1950s, and even as recently as the 1980s.