Fluoride (F) is a toxic and reactive element, and exposure to it passes almost unnoticed, with the consumption of tea, fish, meat, fruits, etcetera and articles of common use such as: toothpaste additives; dental gels, non-stick pans and razor blades as Teflon. It has also been used with the intention of reducing the dental cares.
Fluoride can accumulate in the body, and it has been shown that continuous exposure to it causes damaging effects on body tissues, particularly the nervous system directly without any previous physical malformations.
Several clinical and experimental studies have reported that the F induces changes in cerebral morphology and biochemistry that affect the neurological development of individuals as well as cognitive processes, such as learning and memory. F can be toxic by ingesting one part per million (ppm), and the effects they are not immediate, as they can take 20 years or more to become evident.
The prolonged ingestion of F may cause significant damage to health and particularly to the nervous system. Therefore, it is important to be aware of this serious problem and avoid the use of toothpaste and items that contain F, particularly in children as they are more susceptible to the toxic effects of F.
Protective effects of blackberry and quercetin on sodium fluoride-induced oxidative stress and histological changes in the hepatic, renal, testis and brain tissue of male rat
BACKGROUND: Sodium fluoride (NaF) intoxication is associated with oxidative stress and altered antioxidant defense mechanism. The present study was carried out to evaluate the potential protective role of blackberry and quercetin (Q) against NaF-induced oxidative stress and histological changes in liver, kidney, testis and brain tissues of rats. METHODS: The rats
Corrigendum to “Association of lifetime exposure to fluoride and cognitive functions in Chinese children: A pilot study”
Regarding our recent publication, “Association of lifetime exposure to fluoride and cognitive functions in Chinese children: A pilot study” [Neurotoxicology and Teratology 47 (2015) 96–101], the authors wish to correct the following errors in the reported results. The last statement reported in 3. Results should be “Marginal significant mean differences in
Protective role of maize purple plant pigment against oxidative stress in fluorosis rat brain.
Excerpts 1 Introduction Given the widespread presence of fluorine in the natural environment, individuals are exposed to fluoride via food intake, inhalation, and dermal contact. Drinking water represents the largest exposure source. In particular, in highly fluoridated regions and in some developed areas that fluoridate the public water supply to reduce dental
Neurofunctional effects of developmental sodium fluoride exposure in rats.
Contrasting studies on the toxic effects of sodium fluoride (NaF) during developmental stages of Wistar rats, lead us to investigate the neurofunctional effects caused by its perinatal exposure, devoid of any overt sign of toxicity and/or gross malformation. NaF solution was administered to pregnant rats by intragastric gavage at a
The effect of sodium fluoride on responses to various central nervous system agents in rats
Rats given sodium fluoride at 10 mg/kg daily by the intraperitoneal route were more sensitive to the convulsant action of strychnine and pentylenetetrazol and to electroshock. This increase in sensitivity to CNS stimulation was observed also in two other groups of rats which were given a diet with added sodium
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Fluoride: Developmental Neurotoxicity.
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Fluoride's Effect on Fetal Brain
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Fluoride Affects Learning & Memory in Animals
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NRC (2006): Fluoride's Neurotoxicity and Neurobehavioral Effects
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