To investigate the effect of coal-burning endemic fluorosis on children’s physical development and intellectual level so as to provide data support for the protection of children’s healthy growth in fluorosis areas.
Ninety children with coal-burning endemic fluorosis were selected for the study, which were divided into heavy fluorosis area group, middle fluorosis area group and light disease area group. 30 children in each group. Another 30 children were selected from non-fluorosis areas as normal group. The index of physical development and intellectual level of each group were compared.
Dental fluorosis and urinary fluoride concentration of fluorosis area groups were higher than that of normal group (P<0.05); index of height, weight and vital capacity in normal group children’s was significantly better than that of other 3 groups (P<0.050); intelligence quotient (IQ) index in fluorosis groups was lower than that of normal group (P<0.05).
The coal-burning endemic fluorosis may have a serious impact on children’s physical growth and intellectual level, active preventive measures should be attached to protect children’s health.
Investigation on children’s growth and development under long-term fluoride exposure
Objective To study the influence on children’s growth by long-term high fluoride exposure. Methods Case group was selected in high fluoride areas and control group was selected in non-high fluoride areas. The difference of children’s growth levels were analyzed between 2 groups. Results The IQ of case group was significantly lower than that of control
A correlation between serum vitamin, acetylcholinesterase activity and IQ in children with excessive endemic fluoride exposure in Rajasthan, India
Fluoride is widely distributed in nature and a direct source of adverse health effects in human populations. Fluoride poisoning attributed by long-term exposure to high levels of fluoride [is] called fluorosis. The present study was carried out among 9-14 years old school children of Dausa district, Rajasthan India. The subjects
The effect of fluorine on the level of intelligence in children.
Recently, many researchers and scholars have studied about the effects of the trace element, iodine, on the level of intelligence in children. However there has been little coverage or noise about the same effect of fluorine on children. For this purpose we have performed some research and the results are as follows.
The effects of high levels of fluoride and iodine on intellectual ability and the metabolism of fluoride and iodine.
The authors carried out a study on the intellectual abilities and fluoride/iodine metabolism of children living in a high fluoride-high iodine area. Among the results: the percentage of the general population living in this fluoride/iodine-contaminated region that suffered from goiter (clinical thyroid enlargement) was 3.8%, the rate of children already showing some thyroid
Using drawing tests to measure intelligence in children from areas impacted by combined Al-F endemic toxicosis (Shuicheng, Guizhou).
Measurements of intelligence via drawing tests have been conducted to examine the intelligence development of children from regions affected by combined AIF endemic toxicosis. A selected number of 196 children between 6.5 and 12 years of age participated in the testing. Across all age groups, the average IQ level of children from
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NRC (2006): Fluoride's Neurotoxicity and Neurobehavioral Effects
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It has been known since the 1930s that poor nutrition enhances the toxicity of fluoride. As discussed below, nutrient deficiencies have been specifically linked to increased susceptibility to fluoride-induced tooth damage (dental fluorosis), bone damage (osteomalacia), neurotoxicity (reduced intelligence), and mutagenicity. The nutrients of primary importance appear to be calcium,
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