Note from Fluoride Action Network:
This is a duplicate study of Lu et al. (2000).
Sixty children, aged 10 to 12, were randomly selected for IQ testing from
an area with high fluoride (3.15 mg F/L) in the drinking water along with 58 control
children of the same age from a nearby low fluoride (0.37 mg F/L) area. The two areas
are located approximately 5 km apart in the Tianjin Xiqing District, and both have
similar normal iodine levels, living standards, access to medical facilities, economic
development, educational level, etc. A single individual using the C2 version of the
Chinese Raven Test did the IQ testing. The mean IQ scores were significantly
different: 92.27±20.45 in the high F area and 103.05±13.86 in the low F area (P<0.01).
Within the seven categories of the scores, there were significantly more borderline
and low IQs in the high F area (13/60) than in the low F area (2/58) (p<0.01).]
Developmental Fluoride Neurotoxicity: Choi et al. Respond
Sabour and Ghorbani’s comments about the reported mean difference in IQ (intelligence quotient) scores reported in our article (Choi et al. 2012) suggest a misunderstanding of the scale unit we used and the public health significance of even a small decrease in the average IQ associated with exposure. We appreciate
Intelligence quotient of 7 to 9 year-old children from an area with high fluoride in drinking water.
This paper reports the effect of chronic high fluoride exposure on children's intelligence quotient (IQ). In this cross sectional study, two urban communities with similar socio-economic and cultural status but with different levels of fluoride in drinking water, in Kerman province of Iran were studied: Koohbanan City (fluoride 2.38 mg/L),
Intelligent quotients of 12-14 year old school children in a high and low fluoride village in India.
SUMMARY: The aim of this preliminary study was to compare the intelligence quotient (IQ) scores of 12–14 year old school children living in a high fluoride (F) village with the IQ scores of a similar group of children in a low F village in the Davangere district, Karnataka, India. Sixty-five
Effect of Fluoride Concentration in Drinking Water on Intelligence Quotient of 12-14-Year-Old Children in Mathura District: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Aims: The aim was to assess and correlate the influence of the concentration of fluoride in ingested water on the intelligence quotient (IQ) of 12–14-year-old youngsters in Mathura district. Materials and Methods: A total of 219 children were selected, 75 from low F area, 75 medium F area, and 69 from
Fluoride, IQ, and advice on type I and II errors
A 38-year prospective study of 992 New Zealand children on fluoride (F) and IQ, of whom an uncertain number (0–101) had not received, at age 5 years, additional F with F tablets (taken: 139, not taken: 763, unknown: 90), community water fluoridation (CWF) (lived in CWF area: 891, never lived
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NRC (2006): Fluoride's Neurotoxicity and Neurobehavioral Effects
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