Note from Fluoride Action Network:
This is a duplicate study of Lu et al. (2000).
Sixty children, aged 10 to 12, were randomly selected for IQ testing from
an area with high fluoride (3.15 mg F/L) in the drinking water along with 58 control
children of the same age from a nearby low fluoride (0.37 mg F/L) area. The two areas
are located approximately 5 km apart in the Tianjin Xiqing District, and both have
similar normal iodine levels, living standards, access to medical facilities, economic
development, educational level, etc. A single individual using the C2 version of the
Chinese Raven Test did the IQ testing. The mean IQ scores were significantly
different: 92.27±20.45 in the high F area and 103.05±13.86 in the low F area (P<0.01).
Within the seven categories of the scores, there were significantly more borderline
and low IQs in the high F area (13/60) than in the low F area (2/58) (p<0.01).]
The effects of high fluoride on the level of intelligence of primary and secondary students.
The harm of long-term intake of excessive fluoride on the human skeletal system has been proved. There are also reports about the effects of high fluoride on the human nervous system and mental development [1, 2]. Some studies have proved that if the mother has taken in an excessively high amount of fluoride, she can
Level of fluoride and arsenic in household shallow well water in Wamiao and Xinhuai villages in Jiangsu Province, China
After previously excluding iodine and lead as confounding factors, the aim of the present study, conducted in June 2013, was to consider whether arsenic was a confounding factor in the studies of children’s intelligence in Wamiao and Xinhuai. Fluoride and arsenic levels were measured in water samples from the 37
A study of the intellectual ability of 8-14 year-old children in high fluoride, low iodine areas.
Wechsler Intelligence Test IQ scores of 160 children, 8–14 years old, from nine schools in an area of high fluoride and low iodine averaged 64.8 compared with 85.0 (p<0.01) for 169 children of the same ages from seven schools in an area with low iodine only. Among the first group
The effect of the fluoride ion on reproductive parameters and an estimate of the safe daily dose of fluoride to prevent female infertility and miscarriage, and foetal neurotoxicity.
A paper in the current issue by Yousefi et al. examined data on the prevalence of fertility, infertility, and abortion (miscarriage), in the health records of 3,392 women, aged 10–49 yr, living in two regions of Poldasht county, Iran, with low and high drinking water fluoride ion (F) levels (means
Controversy: The Evolving Science of Fluoride: When New Evidence Doesn't Conform With Existing Beliefs
Over the past 75 years, health authorities have declared that community water fluoridation-a practice that reaches over 400 million worldwide-is safe. Yet, studies conducted in North America examining the safety of fluoride exposure in pregnancy were nonexistent. When a Canadian study reported that higher fluoride exposure in pregnant women was
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Fluoride Affects Learning & Memory in Animals
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Fluoride's Direct Effects on Brain: Animal Studies
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NRC (2006): Fluoride's Neurotoxicity and Neurobehavioral Effects
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