Note from Fluoride Action Network:
This is a duplicate study of Lu et al. (2000).
Sixty children, aged 10 to 12, were randomly selected for IQ testing from
an area with high fluoride (3.15 mg F/L) in the drinking water along with 58 control
children of the same age from a nearby low fluoride (0.37 mg F/L) area. The two areas
are located approximately 5 km apart in the Tianjin Xiqing District, and both have
similar normal iodine levels, living standards, access to medical facilities, economic
development, educational level, etc. A single individual using the C2 version of the
Chinese Raven Test did the IQ testing. The mean IQ scores were significantly
different: 92.27±20.45 in the high F area and 103.05±13.86 in the low F area (P<0.01).
Within the seven categories of the scores, there were significantly more borderline
and low IQs in the high F area (13/60) than in the low F area (2/58) (p<0.01).]
Controversy: The Evolving Science of Fluoride: When New Evidence Doesn't Conform With Existing Beliefs
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A correlation between serum vitamin, acetylcholinesterase activity and IQ in children with excessive endemic fluoride exposure in Rajasthan, India
Fluoride is widely distributed in nature and a direct source of adverse health effects in human populations. Fluoride poisoning attributed by long-term exposure to high levels of fluoride [is] called fluorosis. The present study was carried out among 9-14 years old school children of Dausa district, Rajasthan India. The subjects
Effect of fluoride in drinking water on dental caries and IQ in children.
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Dose-response analyses of the 27 human developmental neurotoxicity studies rankehighest quality by National Toxicology Program (NTP) systematic review.
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Effect of high-fluoride water on intelligence in children.
The Intelligence Quotient (IQ) was measured in 118 children, aged 10-12 years, who were life-long residents in two villages of similar population size and social, educational and economic background but differing in the level of fluoride in drinking water. The children in the high-fluoride area (drinking water fluoride 3.15 ±
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