SUMMARY: As part of our investigation of fluoride toxicity effects in a group of 80
Swiss albino adult male mice, we examined the mitigating effects of black tea extract
(BTE) on the F-induced enzymatic and non-enzymatic parameters of oxidative stress
in the cerebral hemisphere (CH), cerebellum (CB), and medulla oblongata (MO) of the brains of these mice. Oral administration of 6 and 12 mg NaF/kg bw/day to the mice for 30 days resulted in a significant increase in level of lipid peroxidation (LPO) and dehydroascorbic (DAA) acid as well as a decrease in glutathione (GSH), total
ascorbic acid (TAA), and reduced ascorbic acid. In addition, the activities of the
enzymatic antioxidants catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione
reductase (GSH-Pr), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) as well as cholinesterase
(ChE) also decreased. No significant recovery in any of these parameters was
observed upon withdrawal of the NaF treatment for 30 days. However, administration of BTE along with the NaF during the experiment resulted in significant mitigation of all the NaF-induced effects that were examined.
Amelioration by black tea of sodium fluoride-induced changes in protein content of cerebral hemisphere, cerebellum and medulla oblongata in brain region of mice.
Oral administration of sodium fluoride (NaF, 6 and 12 mg/kg body weight/day) to Swiss strain male albino mice for 30 days caused significant dose-dependant reduction in the content of acidic, basic, neutral, and total protein in cerebral hemisphere, cerebellum and medulla oblongata region of brain. After 30 days of NaF
Mitigation of sodium fluoride induced toxicity in mice brain by black tea infusion.
SUMMARY: In an extension of previous work on fluoride (F) toxicity in a group of 80 Swiss albino mice, the mitigating effects of polyphenols in black tea on the F-induced increase in glycogen, cholesterol, and total lipids in the cerebral hemisphere (CH), cerebellum (CB), and medulla oblongata (MO) regions of
Combination of fluoride and endosulfan induced teratogenicity and developmental toxicity in Swiss albino mice exposed during organogenesis.
The present investigation was conducted to evaluate the teratogenic and developmental toxicity of fluoride and endosulfan alone and in combination in pregnant Swiss albino mice exposed during the organogenetic period (5-14 days) of gestation. Fluoride (25.1 mg/kg body weight in water) and endosulfan (1.8 mg/kg bw by oral intubation) when
Skeletal fluorosis from brewed tea.
BACKGROUND: High fluoride ion (F(-)) levels are found in many surface and well waters. Drinking F(-)-contaminated water typically explains endemic skeletal fluorosis (SF). In some regions of Asia, however, poor quality "brick tea" also causes this disorder. The plant source of brick, black, green, orange pekoe, and oolong tea, Camellia
Fluoride intake from the consumption of refreshment drinks and natural juices.
Highlights Soft-drinks and juices (65) were analyzed by potentiometry. Tea-based beverages had the highest fluoride content. Fluoride intake does not lead to a risk in adult health. Consumption of these beverages by children should be moderated. Fluoride plays an important role in the prevention of dental decay and in the reduction
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Estimated "Threshold" Doses for Skeletal Fluorosis
For over 40 years health authorities stated that in order to develop crippling skeletal fluorosis, one would need to ingest between 20 and 80 mg of fluoride per day for at least 10 or 20 years. This belief, however, which played an instrumental role in shaping current fluoride policies, is now acknowledged by the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) and other US health authorities to be incorrect.
Fluoride & IQ: The 64 Studies
As of December 2019, a total of 72 studies have investigated the relationship between fluoride and human intelligence. Of these investigations, 64 studies have found that elevated fluoride exposure is associated with reduced IQ in humans, while over 60 animal studies have found that fluoride exposure impairs the learning and/or
Fluoride content in tea and its relationship with tea quality.
J Agric Food Chem. 2004 Jul 14;52(14):4472-6. Fluoride content in tea and its relationship with tea quality. Lu Y, Guo WF, Yang XQ. Department of Tea Science, Zhejiang University, 268 Kaixuan Road, Hangzhou 310027, People's Republic of China. Abstract: The tea plant is known as a fluorine accumulator. Fluoride (F) content in fresh leaves collected
Fluoride Content of Tea
Tea, particularly tea drinks made with lower quality older leaves, contain high levels of fluoride. Because of these high levels, research has found that individuals who drink large amounts of tea can develop skeletal fluorosis -- a painful bone disease caused by excessive fluoride intake. Since skeletal fluorosis is often misdiagnosed by
Fluoride's Neurobehavioral Effects in Humans & Animals
In addition to studies linking fluoride to reduced IQ in humans, and impaired learning/memory in animals, human and animal studies have also linked fluoride to a variety of other neurobehavioral effects. These studies, which are excerpted below, provide yet further evidence that fluoride is a neurotoxin. The latest findings were reported
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