SUMMARY: As part of our investigation of fluoride toxicity effects in a group of 80
Swiss albino adult male mice, we examined the mitigating effects of black tea extract
(BTE) on the F-induced enzymatic and non-enzymatic parameters of oxidative stress
in the cerebral hemisphere (CH), cerebellum (CB), and medulla oblongata (MO) of the brains of these mice. Oral administration of 6 and 12 mg NaF/kg bw/day to the mice for 30 days resulted in a significant increase in level of lipid peroxidation (LPO) and dehydroascorbic (DAA) acid as well as a decrease in glutathione (GSH), total
ascorbic acid (TAA), and reduced ascorbic acid. In addition, the activities of the
enzymatic antioxidants catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione
reductase (GSH-Pr), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) as well as cholinesterase
(ChE) also decreased. No significant recovery in any of these parameters was
observed upon withdrawal of the NaF treatment for 30 days. However, administration of BTE along with the NaF during the experiment resulted in significant mitigation of all the NaF-induced effects that were examined.
Amelioration by black tea of sodium fluoride-induced changes in protein content of cerebral hemisphere, cerebellum and medulla oblongata in brain region of mice.
Oral administration of sodium fluoride (NaF, 6 and 12 mg/kg body weight/day) to Swiss strain male albino mice for 30 days caused significant dose-dependant reduction in the content of acidic, basic, neutral, and total protein in cerebral hemisphere, cerebellum and medulla oblongata region of brain. After 30 days of NaF
Mitigation of sodium fluoride induced toxicity in mice brain by black tea infusion.
SUMMARY: In an extension of previous work on fluoride (F) toxicity in a group of 80 Swiss albino mice, the mitigating effects of polyphenols in black tea on the F-induced increase in glycogen, cholesterol, and total lipids in the cerebral hemisphere (CH), cerebellum (CB), and medulla oblongata (MO) regions of
Skeletal fluorosis from brewed tea
BACKGROUND: High fluoride ion (F(-)) levels are found in many surface and well waters. Drinking F(-)-contaminated water typically explains endemic skeletal fluorosis (SF). In some regions of Asia, however, poor quality "brick tea" also causes this disorder. The plant source of brick, black, green, orange pekoe, and oolong tea, Camellia
Black tea amelioration of sodium fluoride-induced alterations of DNA, RNA, and protein contents in the cerebral hemisphere, cerebellum, and medulla oblongata regions of mouse brain.
Summary: Oral administration of sodium fluoride (NaF, 6 and 12 mg/kg body weight/day) to Swiss male albino mice for 30 days caused significant, dose-dependent reduction in DNA, RNA, and protein contents in cerebral hemisphere, cerebellum, and medulla oblongata of the brain. After 30 days of NaF treatment, followed by withdrawal
Fluoride in tea--its dental significance: a review.
It has long been accepted that fluoride accumulates in the leaves of the tea plant. Camellia sinensis. In addition it is known that some of this fluoride is released into the infusion which is drunk as tea. The exact concentration of fluoride in a cup of tea and the effects
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Estimated "Threshold" Doses for Skeletal Fluorosis
For over 40 years health authorities stated that in order to develop crippling skeletal fluorosis, one would need to ingest between 20 and 80 mg of fluoride per day for at least 10 or 20 years. This belief, however, which played an instrumental role in shaping current fluoride policies, is now acknowledged by the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) and other US health authorities to be incorrect.
Fluoride & IQ: The 65 Studies
As of May 2020, a total of 73 studies have investigated the relationship between fluoride and human intelligence. Of these investigations, 65 studies have found that elevated fluoride exposure is associated with reduced IQ in humans, while over 60 animal studies have found that fluoride exposure impairs the learning and/or
Fluoride Content of Tea
Tea, particularly tea drinks made with lower quality older leaves, contain high levels of fluoride. Because of these high levels, research has found that individuals who drink large amounts of tea can develop skeletal fluorosis -- a painful bone disease caused by excessive fluoride intake. Since skeletal fluorosis is often misdiagnosed by
Fluoride's Direct Effects on Brain: Animal Studies
The possibility that fluoride ingestion may impair intelligence and other indices of neurological function is supported by a vast body of animal research, including over 40 studies that have investigated fluoride's effects on brain quality in animals. As discussed by the National Research Council, the studies have consistently demonstrated that fluoride, at widely varying concentrations, is toxic to the brain.
Tea Intake Is a Risk Factor for Skeletal Fluorosis
A number of recent studies have found that heavy tea drinkers can develop skeletal fluorosis - a bone disease caused by excessive intake of fluoride.
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