Exposure to 5 mg HF/m3 causes a significant increase in the plasma cholesterol levels in the guinea pig. Modifications of the cholesterol metabolism are due to the specific action of fluoride. Effects of HF on cholesterolemia are reversible however, and during a second exposure to HF, plasma cholesterol increases as in the first exposure. Cholesterol biosynthesis was studied, Acetate incorporation in intestinal tissue and lung was higher in intoxicated animals than in controls but mevalonate incorporation was comparable in the two groups. The enzyme catalyzing mevalonate synthesis, 8-methyl-8-hydroxyglutaryl CoA reductase, could be activated by HF.
Effects of fluoride on the tissue oxidative stress and apoptosis in rats: biochemical assays supported by IR spectroscopy data.
The mechanism underlying the toxicity of fluoride still remains unknown. To investigate the effects of different doses of fluoride on blood and tissue oxidative stress and apoptosis, we exposed male rats to three doses of fluoride (10, 50 and 100ppm in drinking water) for a period of 10 weeks. The
Anaemia in adolescent girls: An intervention of diet editing and counselling
BACKGROUND: Though a major public health problem of nutritional anaemia in schoolchildren is being addressed by iron supplementation and/or fortified food, they continue to be anaemic. We aimed to study the effect of fluoride consumption on haemoglobin levels and whether elimination of fluoride from the diet would correct anaemia in
Accurate measurement of androgen after androgen esters: problems created by ex vivo esterase effects and LC-MS/MS interference.
BACKGROUND: Ex vivo androgen prodrug conversion by blood esterases after oral androgen ester administration may result in an overestimation of the measured blood androgens. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether blood collection tubes with esterase inhibitors decreased the conversion of testosterone undecanoate (TU) and dimethandrolone undecanoate (DMAU) to their active metabolites, testosterone (T),
Fluoride in Drinking Water: A Scientific Review of EPA’s Standards.
Excerpts: Summary Under the Safe Drinking Water Act, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is required to establish exposure standards for contaminants in public drinking-water systems that might cause any adverse effects on human health. These standards include the maximum contaminant level goal (MCLG), the maximum contaminant level (MCL), and the secondary
Fluorosis by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, National Health, India.
Introduction Fluorosis is a crippling disease resulted from deposition of fluorides in the hard and soft tissues of body. It is a public health problem caused by excess intake of fluoride through drinking water/food products/industrial pollutants over a long period. Ingestion of excess fluoride, most commonly in drinking-water affects the teeth
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