SUMMARY: Brain tissues for neurohistopathological study were obtained at
autopsy from albino rabbits that had been subcutaneously injected for 15
weeks with 0, 5, 10, 20, and 50 mg of sodium fluoride in 1 mL of aqueous solu-
tions/kg bw/day. Neuropathological changes occurred with loss of the mo-
lecular layer and glial cell layer in the brain tissues of rabbits exposed to the
three higher fluoride doses. The Purkinje neurones exhibited chromatolysis
and acquired a “ballooned” appearance. Nissl substance showed various de-
grees of decrease and even complete loss. Fragmented particles were re-
tained in the perinuclear zone. The perikaryon showed vacuolization, and
spheroid bodies were present in the neuroplasm. These cytoplasmic inclu-
sions appeared as various sized ovoid bodies or elongated eosinophilic
masses due to which the nucleus was shifted to the periphery. These neuro-
toxic changes in the brain suggested that there was a direct action of fluoride
upon the nerve tissue which was responsible for central nervous system
problems such as tremors, seizures, and paralysis indicating brain dysfunc-
tion seen at the two highest doses.
Effect of vitamin D on chronic behavioral and dental toxicities of sodium fluoride in rats.
SUMMARY: Adult female Wistar rats were treated daily for 60 days with sodium fluoride (500 ppm NaF = 226 ppm fluoride ion) in drinking water, alone or in combination with vitamin D (200 IU/kg by oral intubation). Throughout the period, food intake was measured daily. Body weight gain, exploratory motor
Protective effects of blackberry and quercetin on sodium fluoride-induced oxidative stress and histological changes in the hepatic, renal, testis and brain tissue of male rat
BACKGROUND: Sodium fluoride (NaF) intoxication is associated with oxidative stress and altered antioxidant defense mechanism. The present study was carried out to evaluate the potential protective role of blackberry and quercetin (Q) against NaF-induced oxidative stress and histological changes in liver, kidney, testis and brain tissues of rats. METHODS: The rats
Protective role of tert-butylhydroquinone against sodium fluoride-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in PC12 cells.
The neurotoxicity of fluoride is associated with oxidative stress due to imbalance between production and removal of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In contrast, induction of detoxifying and antioxidant genes through activation of NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) has been implicated in preventing oxidative stress and apoptosis in neurodegenerative diseases. The present
Protective effect of lovastatin on neurotoxicity of excessive fluoride in primary hippocampal neurons
The protective role of lovastatin against neurotoxicity induced by fluorosis was investigated by using primary hippocampal neurons. The cholesterol content, activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), and content of malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured by biochemical assays. The cell viability was assessed by examining the rate of apoptosis by flow cytometry. The
GSTO1 acts as a mediator in sodium fluoride-induced alterations of learning and memory related factors expressions in the hippocampus cell line.
The mechanism of GSTO1, as a high-risk factor for neurological damage, in sodium fluoride (NaF)-induced learning and memory impairment remained still unclear. Hence, in this study, we used the siRNA-GSTO1 HT22 model to explore the effect of NaF and siRNA-GSTO1 on the viability, and proliferation rate of HT22cells, as well
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Fluoride: Developmental Neurotoxicity.
Developmental Neurotoxicity There has been a tremendous amount of research done on the association of exposure to fluoride with developmental neurotoxicity. There are over 60 studies reporting reduced IQ in children and several on the impaired learning/memory in animals. And there are studies which link fluoride to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Teaching
NRC (2006): Fluoride's Neurotoxicity and Neurobehavioral Effects
The NRC's analysis on fluoride and the brain.
Fluoride's Direct Effects on Brain: Animal Studies
The possibility that fluoride ingestion may impair intelligence and other indices of neurological function is supported by a vast body of animal research, including over 40 studies that have investigated fluoride's effects on brain quality in animals. As discussed by the National Research Council, the studies have consistently demonstrated that fluoride, at widely varying concentrations, is toxic to the brain.
Fluoride's Effect on Fetal Brain
The human placenta does not prevent the passage of fluoride from a pregnant mother's bloodstream to the fetus. As a result, a fetus can be harmed by fluoride ingested pregnancy. Based on research from China, the fetal brain is one of the organs susceptible to fluoride poisoning. As highlighted by the excerpts
Fluoride & IQ: 68 Studies
As of February 2021, a total of 76 studies have investigated the relationship between fluoride and human intelligence. Of these investigations, 68 studies have found that elevated fluoride exposure is associated with reduced IQ in humans, while over 60 animal studies have found that fluoride exposure impairs the learning and/or
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