SUMMARY: Brain tissues for neurohistopathological study were obtained at
autopsy from albino rabbits that had been subcutaneously injected for 15
weeks with 0, 5, 10, 20, and 50 mg of sodium fluoride in 1 mL of aqueous solu-
tions/kg bw/day. Neuropathological changes occurred with loss of the mo-
lecular layer and glial cell layer in the brain tissues of rabbits exposed to the
three higher fluoride doses. The Purkinje neurones exhibited chromatolysis
and acquired a “ballooned” appearance. Nissl substance showed various de-
grees of decrease and even complete loss. Fragmented particles were re-
tained in the perinuclear zone. The perikaryon showed vacuolization, and
spheroid bodies were present in the neuroplasm. These cytoplasmic inclu-
sions appeared as various sized ovoid bodies or elongated eosinophilic
masses due to which the nucleus was shifted to the periphery. These neuro-
toxic changes in the brain suggested that there was a direct action of fluoride
upon the nerve tissue which was responsible for central nervous system
problems such as tremors, seizures, and paralysis indicating brain dysfunc-
tion seen at the two highest doses.
Rutin attenuates neurobehavioral deficits, oxidative stress, neuro-inflammation and apoptosis in fluoride treated rats.
Highlights The influence of rutin on fluoride – induced neurotoxicity in rat was studied. Rutin reversed the fluoride – induced neurobehavioral deficits in rats. Rutin reversed the fluoride – induced inhibition of acetylcholinesterase activity in rat cerebrum and striatum. Rutin enhanced antioxidant status and inhibited neuro-inflammation and apoptosis in fluoride
Effect of fluoride on express of cytokines in the hippocampus of adult rats
To investigate the effects of fluoride on the expression levels of cytokines in the rat hippocampus, 60 adult Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into four groups of 15 rats each, whose drinking water contained: (1) double distilled water (the control group); (2) 25 mg sodium fluoride (NaF)/L, (11.3 mg
[Influence of free radical inducer on the level of oxidative stress in brain of rats with fluorosis].
OBJECTIVE: To study changes in content of lipid peroxide and composition of fatty acids in the brain of rats affiliated with chronic fluorosis after treatment with free radical inducer (ferric ion). METHODS: Thirty-six Wistar rats were divided into three groups, fed with similar fodder and varied concentrations of fluoride in drinking
Interplay of ROS and behavioral pattern in fluoride exposed Drosophila melanogaster.
Highlights NaF exposure increases mortality and changes male-female ratio in Drosophila. NaF treatment alters the activities endogenous antioxidant enzymes. Chronic sub-lethal NaF exposure causes increased oxidative damage. NaF decreases brain cell viability and increases DNA damage. NaF exposure alters selected behavioral pattern in Drosophila melanogaster. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) is
Neurotoxicity induced by fluoride in rat cerebral cortex
Fluorosis, as a consequence of exposure to high amount of fluoride is a serious public health problem in many parts of world. Fluoride can cause severe damage to the dental and skeletal systems, and is known to be an endogenous neurotoxin. In the present study, Wister albino rats of weighing100-200 gwere
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Fluoride's Effect on Fetal Brain
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NRC (2006): Fluoride's Neurotoxicity and Neurobehavioral Effects
The NRC's analysis on fluoride and the brain.
Fluoride & IQ: 70 Studies
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Fluoride Affects Learning & Memory in Animals
An association between elevated fluoride exposure and reduced intelligence has now been observed in 65 IQ studies. Although a link between fluoride and intelligence might initially seem surprising or random, it is actually consistent with a large body of animal research. This animal research includes the following 45 studies (out
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