Fluoride Action Network

Government Reports & FAN Submissions

FAN's compilation of government and other reports from the US, EU, WHO, UN, Australia, Canada, Ireland, NZ, and the UK. The majority of FAN's submissions to various government agencies over the years are also included.


Of note:

2009 – Fluorosis prevention starts in southwest China kitchen. Xinhua (People), November 6.
2011 – $2.14 billion project underway to relocate 392,000 people due to fluoride-contaminated water. China Daily, March 29.
2011 – Hebei Province: 3.48 million rural residents get access to safe drinking water. Xinhua, December 4.
2012 – $4.5 billion spent in 2012 for safer drinking water. China Daily, December 31.
2013 – Call for Transparency Over China’s Water Quality. By Yang Fan for Radio Free Asia. July 1.
2013 – China gears up to tackle tainted water. Nature 499, 14–15, July 4.
2017 – Development of China’s Public Health as an Essential Element of Human Rights. XinhuaNet, Oct 2.

June 30, 2021. Geochemical controls on the enrichment of fluoride in the mine water of the Shendong mining area, China. Chemosphere 284:131388, by Zhang Z, Li G, Su X, Zhuang X, Wang L, Fu H, Li L.
Graphical abstract:


May 4, 2021. Fluoride and nitrate contamination of groundwater in the Loess Plateau, China: Sources and related human health risks. Environmental Pollution 286:117287, by Su H, Kang W, Li Y, Li Z.

Excerpt: Approximately 96.2% of shallow groundwater poses non-carcinogenic risks to infants and children, followed by 92.3% to teenagers, and 89.7% to adults. All deep groundwater poses non-carcinogenic risks to infants and children, followed by 92.6% to teenagers, and 74.1% to adults.

April 16 2021. Simulation study on the migration of F- in soil around Chagan Lake, China. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International [Epub ahead of print], by Xu P, Bian J, Wu J, Li Y, Li J, Zeng X, Lin Z.

April 16 2020. Spatial distribution and potential health risk of fluoride in drinking groundwater sources of Huaibei, Anhui Province. Scientific Reports, by Hu Y, You M, Liu G, Dong Z.

Figure 2

January 2021. A characterization of groundwater fluoride, influencing factors and risk to human health in the southwest plain of Shandong Province, North China. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, by Liu J, Peng Y, Li C, Gao Z, Chen S.

Fig. 1

Fig. 1. Map showing the southwest plain region of Shandong Province, China as well as locations of groundwater sampling points.

December 2020. Effects of water improvement and defluoridation on fluorosis-endemic areas in China: A meta-analysis. Environmental Pollution, by Wang F, Li Y, Tang D, Zhao J, Yang X, et al.


October 2020. Land-use change caused by anthropogenic activities increase fluoride and arsenic pollution in groundwater and human health risk. Journal of Hazardous Materials, by Li Y, Bi Y, Mi W, Xie S, Ji L.


This graphic is from Qiying Zhang, Panpan Xu, Hui Qian, Faxuan Yang. September 2020. Hydrogeochemistry and fluoride contamination in Jiaokou Irrigation District, Central China: Assessment based on multivariate statistical approach and human health risk. Science of the Total Environment, 7:140460.


2020 – Hydrogeochemical and statistical analysis of high fluoride groundwater in northern China. By Feng F, Jia Y, Yang Y, et al. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, July 8.

2020 – Hydrogeochemical processes controlling the mobilization and enrichment of fluoride in groundwater of the North China Plain. By Li J, Wang Y, Zhu C, Xue X,Qian K, Xie X, Wang Y. Science of The Total Environment, April 23.

2020 – Poor groundwater quality and high potential health risks in the Datong Basin, northern China: research from published data. By He X, Li P, Wu J, Wei M, Ren X, Wang D. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, February 25.

2020 – Spatial distribution of fluoride in drinking water and health risk assessment of children in typical fluorosis areas in north China. By Zhang L, Zhao L, Zeng Q, Fu G, et al. Chemosphere, January.


2019 – Assessment of water quality of best water management practices in lake adjacent to the high-latitude agricultural areas, China. By Liu X, Zhang G, Xu YJ, Wu Y, Liu Y, Zhang H. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, December 16.

2007 – Total fluoride in Guangdong soil profiles, China: Spatial distribution and vertical variation. By Chu L Zhang HH, Xia B, Xu DR.  Environmental International 33(3):302-308.

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